Clinical Rehabilitation http://cre.sagepub.com/
Virtual reality for upper extremity rehabilitation in early stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial Chan Wai Yin, Ng Yee Sien, Low Ai Ying, Stephanie Fook-Chong Man Chung and Dawn Tan May Leng Clin Rehabil published online 6 May 2014 DOI: 10.1177/0269215514532851 The online version of this article can be found at: http://cre.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/04/29/0269215514532851
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CRE0010.1177/0269215514532851Clinical RehabilitationYin et al.
Virtual reality for upper extremity rehabilitation in early stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial
Clinical Rehabilitation 1–8 © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/0269215514532851 cre.sagepub.com
Chan Wai Yin1, Ng Yee Sien2, Low Ai Ying3, Stephanie Fook-Chong Man Chung4 and Dawn Tan May Leng3
Abstract Objectives: To investigate the effect of virtual reality (VR) rehabilitation on upper extremity motor performance of patients with early stroke. Design: Pilot randomized controlled trial. Setting: Rehabilitation wards. Participants: Twenty three adults with stroke (mean age (SD) = 58.35 (13.45) years and mean time since stroke (SD) = 16.30 (7.44) days). Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to VR group (n=11) or control group (n=12). VR group received nine 30 minutes upper extremity VR therapy in standing (five weekdays in two weeks) plus conventional therapy, which included physical and occupational therapy. Control group received only conventional therapy, which was comparable to total training time received by VR group (mean training hours (SD):VR = 17.07 (2.86); control = 15.50 (2.79)). Main outcome measures: The main outcome measure was the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA). Secondary outcomes included Action Research Arm Test, Motor Activity Log and Functional Independence Measure. Results were taken at baseline, post intervention and 1-month post intervention. Participants’ feedback and adverse effects were recorded. Results: All participants improved in FMA scores (mean change (SD) = 11.65 (8.56), P