Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 8075-8091; doi:10.3390/ijerph120708075 OPEN ACCESS

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ISSN 1660-4601 www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph Article

The State of Ambient Air Quality in Two Ugandan Cities: A Pilot Cross-Sectional Spatial Assessment Bruce J. Kirenga 1,†,*, Qingyu Meng 2,†, Frederik van Gemert 3, Hellen Aanyu-Tukamuhebwa 4, Niels Chavannes 5, Achilles Katamba 6, Gerald Obai 7, Thys van der Molen 3, Stephan Schwander 2,† and Vahid Mohsenin 8,† 1

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Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda; E-Mail: [email protected] Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and Center for Global Public Health, School of Public Health, Rutgers University, NJ 07107, USA; E-Mails: [email protected] (Q.M.); [email protected] (S.S.) Department of General Practice, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen 9700 RB, The Netherlands; E-Mails: [email protected] (F.G.); [email protected] (T.M.) Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda; E-Mail: [email protected] Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden 2333 ZA, The Netherlands; E-Mail: [email protected] Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatics Unit, Department of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda; E-Mail: [email protected] Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gulu University, Gulu, Uganda; E-Mail: [email protected] Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA; E-Mail: [email protected] These authors contributed equally to this work.

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: [email protected]; Tel.: +25-678-240-4431. Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou Received: 11 May 2015/ Accepted: 7 July 2015/ Published: 15 July 2015

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12

8076

Abstract: Air pollution is one of the leading global public health risks but its magnitude in many developing countries’ cities is not known. We aimed to measure the concentration of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter

The State of Ambient Air Quality in Two Ugandan Cities: A Pilot Cross-Sectional Spatial Assessment.

Air pollution is one of the leading global public health risks but its magnitude in many developing countries' cities is not known. We aimed to measur...
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