Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Endocrinology Volume 2016, Article ID 5787104, 6 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5787104
Research Article Risk for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Chinese Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Qing Xiao, Yong-Yi Cui, Jine Lu, Guo-Zheng Zhang, and Fang-Ling Zeng Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510623, China Correspondence should be addressed to Fang-Ling Zeng; [email protected]
Received 8 December 2015; Revised 18 February 2016; Accepted 21 February 2016 Academic Editor: Vincent Woo Copyright © 2016 Qing Xiao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Objective. To examine the association of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in early pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and adverse birth outcomes. Methods. In this retrospective cohort study including 2389 pregnant women, the medical records of 352 women diagnosed with PCOS were evaluated. Outcomes included GDM, preterm birth, low birth weight, macrosomia, and being small and large for gestational age. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the association of the risk for GDM and adverse birth outcomes with PCOS after adjusting for confounders. Results. Women previously diagnosed with PCOS had a higher risk of GDM (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14–2.09). A strong association was seen between PCOS and preterm birth (adjusted OR 1.69, 95% CI: 1.08–2.67). On stratified analysis, the adjusted OR for GDM among women with PCOS undergoing assisted reproductive technology was 1.44 (95% CI: 1.03–1.92) and among women with PCOS who conceived spontaneously was 1.60 (1.18–2.15). No increased risk for other adverse birth outcomes was observed. Conclusions. Women with PCOS were more likely to experience GDM and preterm birth.
1. Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), one of the most common endocrine disorders occurring during reproductive age, is characterized by ovulatory dysfunction, biochemical or clinical hyperandrogenism, and polycystic ovaries . Its prevalence ranges from 5% to 20% depending on the diagnostic criteria used [2, 3]. PCOS is currently considered a syndrome with metabolic consequences that could affect women’s health during different stages of reproductive age . Several studies have highlighted that the risk for maternal, neonatal, and obstetric complications may be increased in women with PCOS [5–7]. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most commonly reported pregnancy complication in women with PCOS. Pregnant women with PCOS have been reported to develop insulin resistance and impaired 𝛽cell function . This pathogenic mechanism may be associated with glucose intolerance, resulting in a greater incidence of GDM in women with PCOS. Observational studies have revealed an association between PCOS and GDM, hypertension during pregnancy, and preterm birth . However,
these studies are limited by significant heterogeneity, which indicates that the reliability of the finding of increased risk of pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in women with PCOS could be compromised [9, 10]. Therefore, properly designed studies should be performed before formulating recommendations for pregnant women with PCOS. Determining the risk for GDM and adverse birth outcomes in women with PCOS is important for preventive intervention through screening in the early stage of pregnancy. We conducted a large historic cohort study of pregnant women, including those who conceived spontaneously and through assisted reproductive technology, to assess the risk for GDM and adverse birth outcomes among Chinese women with PCOS.
2. Materials and Methods 2.1. Participants. This historic cohort study was performed at Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center (GWCMC), China, between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014. The inclusion criteria were singleton pregnancies,