Original Article

Patterns of antiemetic prophylaxis for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in China Xianglong Zong1, Jie Zhang2, Xin Ji1, Jie Gao3, Jiafu Ji1 1

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking

University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China; 2China Health Insurance Research Association, Beijing 100013, China; 3MSD China Holding Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200040, China Correspondence to: Jiafu Ji. Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, No. 52, Fucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100142, China. Email: [email protected]

Abstract Background: Few studies have attempted to evaluate the use of antiemetic therapy for chemotherapyinduced nausea and vomiting (CINV) at a national level in China or to assess how treatment regimens adhere to current guidelines. Methods: We searched the China Health Insurance Research Association (CHIRA) Database to identify patients with cancer who were ≥18 years old and received either moderately or highly emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC and HEC, respectively) between 2008 and 2012. Patients’ characteristics as well as usage of specific antiemetic regimens were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Of the 14,548 patients included in the study, 6,477 received HEC while 8,071 were treated with MEC. Approximately 89.9% used antiemetics prophylactically to prevent acute CINV and 71.5% for delayed CINV while 9.0% were prescribed antiemetics as rescue therapy. A significantly lower proportion of patients treated with HEC received prophylactic antiemetic therapy for delayed CINV as compared to those treated with MEC (59.4% vs. 81.3%; P

Patterns of antiemetic prophylaxis for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in China.

Few studies have attempted to evaluate the use of antiemetic therapy for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) at a national level in China ...
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