1 Open_COCORULLO.qxp_- 05/10/16 10:08 Pagina 108
G Chir Vol. 37 - n. 3 - pp. 108-112 May-June 2016
Open versus laparoscopic approach in the treatment of abdominal emergencies in elderly population G. COCORULLO, N. FALCO, R. TUTINO, T. FONTANA, G. SCERRINO, G. SALAMONE, L. LICARI, G. GULOTTA SUMMARY: Open versus laparoscopic approach in the treatment of abdominal emergencies in elderly population. G. COCORULLO, N. FALCO, R. TUTINO, T. FONTANA, G. SCERRINO, G. SALAMONE, L. LICARI, G. GULOTTA Aim. To evaluate the role of laparoscopy in the treatment of surgical emergency in old population. Patients and Methods. Over-70 years-old patients submitted to emergency abdominal surgery from January 2013 to December 2014 were collected and grouped according to admission diagnoses. These accounted small bowel obstruction, colonic acute disease, appendicitis, ventral hernia, gastro-duodenal perforation, biliary disease. In each group it was analyzed the operation time (OT), the morbidity rate and the mortality rate comparing open and laparoscopic management using T-test and Chi-square test.
Results. 159 over 70-years-old patients underwent emergency surgery in the General and Emergency surgery Operative Unit (O.U.) of the Policlinic of Palermo. 75 patients were managed by a laparoscopic approach and 84 underwent traditional open emergency surgery. T-Test for OT and Chi-square test for morbidity rate and mortality rate showed no differences in small bowel emergencies (p=0,4; 0,25