Nonmedical Use of Stimulants Among Medical Students Jason Adam Wasserman, PhD; Jennifer E. Fitzgerald, MA, DO; Merlin A. Sunny, MA, DO; Maria Cole, PhD; Richard R. Suminski, MPH, PhD; and John J. Dougherty, DO
From the Department
Context: Proliferation of the use of psychopharmacologic drugs for the treatment of
of Biomedical Sciences
individuals with attention and behavior disorders has promoted discussion of the illicit
at Oakland University William Beaumont School
use of such drugs to enhance academic performance. Previous research has focused on
of Medicine in Rochester,
the use of such drugs by undergraduate students; however, inquiry into the nonmedical
Michigan (Dr Wasserman),
use of prescription stimulants by medical students is warranted because of the unique
and the departments of institutional effectiveness and accreditation (Dr Cole), physiology (Dr Suminski), and clinical affairs
qualities of the medical school environment (including academic pressure, stress, and competition with peers) and the demographic characteristics common to many medical students.
(Dr Dougherty) at the Kansas
Objective: To examine the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among osteo-
City University of Medicine
pathic medical students, focusing on such key associated variables as academic stress,
and Biosciences in Missouri. Drs Fitzgerald and Sunny were osteopathic medical students at the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences College of Osteopathic Medicine in Missouri at the time of this
social network connections, and use of other substances. Methods: In 2012, first- and second-year students at a large osteopathic medical school were surveyed on the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants, stress, social networks, perceptions of drug use, and related topics. Data were compared with national data and assessed using analysis of variance and χ2 statistical tests.
study. They hold master’s
Results: A total of 380 students completed the survey. Of those, 56 (15.2%) reported
degrees in bioethics.
using prescription stimulants nonmedically to help them study in medical school.
This percentage is significantly higher than the national estimated rate of diagnosis
of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in similar populations (t=3.72, P
The non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) is a growing public health concern. College students have been identified as a particularly at risk population for engagement in NMUPD. Across all prescription drug classes, stimulants show the highes
National college health data indicate that prescription stimulants are the most widely misused prescription drugs among college students, with 9% admitting to nonmedical use within the past year.(1) Although motivations for the nonmedical use of thes
This study examined lifetime non-medical prescription drug use among college students at a small liberal arts college in the Northeast. We assessed the motives, frequency of use, sources, and perceived emotional/physical risks of nonmedical prescript
Despite chemical similarities, ADHD stimulants and methamphetamine have distinct use patterns in the community. This study compared the characteristics of nonmedical ADHD stimulants users and methamphetamine users in a household sample.
We conducted this study to evaluate the prevalence of daytime sleepiness and evening chronotype, and to assess the extent to which both are associated with the use of caffeinated stimulants among 3,000 Thai college students. Demographic and behaviora
Trivial use of antibiotics is a major reason for the spread of antibiotics resistance. The aim behind undertaking this investigation was to study the prevalence antibiotics self-medication among university students in Benghazi city.
The non-medical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) has become the subject of great interest for its diffusion among university students, who abuse these substances to cope with the increasing load of academic stress. NMUPS has been widely investi
Recent evidence indicates that the illicit use of prescription stimulants such as Adderall and Ritalin is common across college campuses and in professions (e.g., trucking) where staying awake and focused is valued. Existing research has established
Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate patterns of circadian preferences and daytime sleepiness, and to examine the extent to which the consumption of stimulant beverages is associated with daytime sleepiness and evening chronotype among