From the Editors desk Madhuri Patil Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences E-mail: [email protected] gmail.com Received: 04-04-2014 Review completed: 04-04-2014 Accepted: 04-04-2014

This issue has two review articles, one on imaging techniques for assessment of tubes. Apart from the routine techniques such as hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy, today ultrasound has become an efficient technique in evaluation of tubes. Use of ultrasound has made it simpler to evaluate tubes without exposure to radiation or subjecting the patient to anesthesia. Second review article is in obstetric complications in in vitro fertilization (IVF) conceptions in patients of polycystic ovaries. It is not the assisted reproductive technology (ART) that increases the obstetric complications. It is the pathophysiology of polycystic ovaries along with obesity, which increases both the maternal and perinatal morbidity. If one adheres to single embryo transfer, complications related to multiple pregnancies can also be avoided. There are two original articles on tuberculosis: One evaluates the diagnostic modalities for diagnosis of tuberculosis. We know that histopathology and culture is the gold standard, but this article suggests be er results with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It is important to know that deoxyribose nucleic acid PCR has a very high incidence of false positive results and one should use ribonucleic acid PCR for high sensitivity and specificity along with histopathology and culture. The other evaluates the use of perifollicular blood flow in predicting outcome of ART. When only fluorescence in situ hybridization was used for preimplantation diagnosis (preimplantation genetic screening [PGS]), no improvement was seen in the ART results, but today with the availability of array comparative genomic hybridization the success of PGS has helped in improving the results of ART. One of the articles from West Bengal has studied dental a rition in IVF children when compared to spontaneous conceptions and has not found any difference. An article from Iran evaluates the a itude of infertile couples to adopting surrogacy as a modality of treatment. Today, though all over the world though surrogacy has been accepted, Iranian couples still have considerable inhibitions in accepting surrogacy as a modality of treatment. In a retrospective study, comparing gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist and antagonist were compared in IVF cycles. This study unlike the evidence based results all over the world did not show decrease in the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), though the use of gonadotropin dose was decreased but it also had a higher incidence of cycle cancellation due to follicular arrest. There is an article from Sri Lanka on use of antibiotics supplemented culture media for eliminating nonspecific bacteria from semen during its preparation for intrauterine insemination. Normally, all media available in the market today come with antibiotics; this unit has tried the combination of penicillin and streptomycin.

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There is an animal study published from Nigeria, which has studied the effect of nicotine on reproductive tissue. Nicotine administration in male rats is associated with decreased testicular antioxidant and increased testicular peroxidation, which can result in infertility. There are two case reports one on absent endometrium due to balanced translocation presenting as primary amenorrhea and the other on laparoscopic detorsion for bilateral torsion in a singleton pregnancy with spontaneous OHSS.

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How to cite this article: Patil M. From the Editors desk. J Hum Reprod Sci 2014;7:1.

10.4103/0974-1208.130791 Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences / Volume 7 / Issue 1 / Jan - Mar 2014


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