Open Access

Images in medicine Le distichiasis: une anomalie des cils Seydou Bakayoko1, Nouhoum Guirou1,& 1

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire - Institut d’Ophtalmologie Tropicale d’Afrique Boulevard du Peuple, Bamako, Mali


Corresponding author: Nouhoum Guirou, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire - Institut d’Ophtalmologie Tropicale d’Afrique Boulevard du Peuple,

Bamako, Mali

Key words: Distichiasis, glandes de Meibomius, lymphœdème-distichiasis

Received: 30/12/2014 - Accepted: 15/01/2015 - Published: 21/01/2015

Pan African Medical Journal. 2015; 20:55 doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.20.55.6044 This article is available online at: © Seydou Bakayoko et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Image en medicine Le distichiasis est une anomalie congénitale rare à transmission autosomique dominante dans laquelle il existe une deuxième rangée anormale de cils, localisée au niveau des glandes de Meibomius. Cette seconde rangée de cils est très souvent en contact avec le globe oculaire entrainant des complications cornéennes. Le gène en cause FOXC2 (Forkhead Box C2) localisé en position 16q24.3,

Figure 1: œil droit et gauche d’un patient

participe à l'embryogenèse du système lymphatique et vasculaire,

montrant une seconde rangée de cils

d'où l'appellation de lymphœdème-distichiasis. En dehors du lymphœdème, d'autres anomalies cardiovasculaires et ORL peuvent être associées.

Pan African Medical Journal – ISSN: 1937- 8688 ( Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). ( Page number not for citation purposes


[Distichiasis: an anomaly of eyelashes].

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