Diffusion Tensor MRI Phantom Exhibits Anomalous Diffusion Allen Q. Ye*, Penny L. Hubbard Cristinacce, Feng-Lei Zhou, Ziying Yin, Geoff J.M. Parker, and Richard L. Magin 

Abstract— This paper reports diffusion weighted MRI measurements of cyclohexane in a novel diffusion tensor MRI phantom composed of hollow coaxial electrospun fibers (average diameter 10.2 m). Recent studies of the phantom demonstrated its potential as a calibration standard at low b values (less than 1000 s/mm2) for mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy. In this paper, we extend the characterization of cyclohexane diffusion in this heterogeneous, anisotropic material to high b values (up to 5000 s/mm2), where the apparent diffusive motion of the cyclohexane exhibits anomalous behavior (i.e., the molecular mean squared displacement increases with time raised to the fractional power 2α/β). Diffusion tensor MRI was performed at 9.4 T using an Agilent imaging scanner and the data fit to a fractional order Mittag-Leffler (generalized exponential) decay model. Diffusion along the fibers was found to be Gaussian (2α/β=1), while diffusion across the fibers was sub-diffusive (2α/β

Diffusion tensor MRI phantom exhibits anomalous diffusion.

This paper reports diffusion weighted MRI measurements of cyclohexane in a novel diffusion tensor MRI phantom composed of hollow coaxial electrospun f...
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