crossm Complete Genome Sequence of Staphylococcus succinus 14BME20 Isolated from a Traditional Korean Fermented Soybean Food Do-Won Jeong,a Jong-Hoon Leeb Department of Food and Nutrition, Dongduk Women's University, Seoul, Republic of Koreaa; Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Republic of Koreab
ABSTRACT The complete genome sequence of Staphylococcus succinus 14BME20,
isolated from a Korean fermented soybean food and selected as a possible starter culture candidate, was determined. Comparative genome analysis with S. succinus CSM-77 from a Triassic salt mine revealed the presence of strain-speciﬁc genes for lipid degradation in strain 14BME20.
n our previous analysis of the cultivable bacterial community during the ripening of doenjang, a traditional fermented soybean food, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) species, including Staphylococcus succinus, were isolated as a dominant bacterial group (1). In our successive study to select potential CNS starters for Korean fermented soybean foods, S. succinus isolates were identiﬁed as promising candidates in terms of safety, as well as technological functionality (2). We ultimately selected S. succinus strain 14BME20, which did not exhibit hemolysis, bioﬁlm formation, or phenotypic resistance to eight different antibiotics. In addition, it did not produce histamine in a laboratory setting. S. succinus 14BME20 grew on tryptic soy agar containing 21% (wt/vol) NaCl, exhibited acid production at 15% NaCl, and expressed protease and lipase activities. Therefore, in the current study, the complete genome sequence of S. succinus strain 14BME20 was determined to further conﬁrm that it is a safe and efﬁcient starter culture candidate for the production of fermented soybean foods. Whole-genome sequencing was performed using a combination of the Illumina MiSeq system and the PacBio single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing system by ChunLab, Inc. (Seoul, South Korea). The Illumina reads were assembled using PacBio SMRT analysis 2.3.0. Gene prediction was performed using CLgenomics (ChunLab), and sequences were annotated by comparison against the Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG) database (3). The complete genome of S. succinus 14BME20 consisted of a single circular 2,745,675-bp chromosome with a G⫹C content of 33.08%. The genome was predicted to contain 2,589 protein-coding sequences (CDSs), 61 tRNA genes, and 19 rRNA genes. The 2,370 genes were functionally assigned to a category based on COG assignments. Gene category analysis showed that the majority of the genes were related to amino acid transport and metabolism (247 genes; 10.4%), followed by carbohydrate metabolism (213 genes; 9.0%). Comparative genome analysis with the previously reported genome of S. succinus CMS-77, isolated from a Triassic salt mine (4), revealed that 2,436 CDSs were shared between the two genomes, most of which were associated with the metabolism and transport of amino acids and carbohydrates. Although the majority of strain-speciﬁc genes were associated with hypothetical proteins, genes for lipid degradation were allocated to strain 14BME20 as functional singletons. This ﬁnding corresponds with the Volume 5 Issue 9 e01731-16
Received 21 December 2016 Accepted 26 December 2016 Published 2 March 2017 Citation Jeong D-W, Lee J-H. 2017. Complete genome sequence of Staphylococcus succinus 14BME20 isolated from a traditional Korean fermented soybean food. Genome Announc 5:e01731-16. https://doi.org/10.1128/ genomeA.01731-16. Copyright © 2017 Jeong and Lee. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Address correspondence to Jong-Hoon Lee, [email protected]
Jeong and Lee
previously identiﬁed strain-speciﬁc lipase activity of S. succinus 14BME20 (2). These genes may contribute to the favorable sensory properties and volatile compound production in the fermented food products. The high proportion of genes involved in nutrient utilization suggests the ability of S. succinus to persist in a large variety of habitats and degrade a range of nutrients in fermented foods. Importantly, S. succinus 14BME20 does not encode any of the virulence factors found in the well-known pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. This ﬁrst complete genome sequence of S. succinus 14BME20 will provide further genetic insight into the safety and efﬁcacy of this strain as a candidate starter culture for food fermentation. Accession number(s). S. succinus 14BME20 has been deposited in the Korean Culture Center of Microorganisms under reference number KCCM 11920P. The complete genome sequence has been deposited in GenBank under accession number CP018199. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2014R1A1A2057003 and NRF-2016R1D1A1B01011421). This work was also supported by the Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET) through the Technology Commercialization Support Program funded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA, 815003-3).
REFERENCES 1. Jeong DW, Kim HR, Jung G, Han S, Kim CT, Lee JH. 2014. Bacterial community migration in the ripening of doenjang, a traditional Korean fermented soybean food. J Microbiol Biotechnol 24:648 – 660. https:// doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1401.01009. 2. Jeong DW, Lee B, Her JY, Lee KG, Lee JH. 2016. Safety and technological characterization of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolates from traditional Korean fermented soybean foods for starter development. Int J Food Microbiol 236:9–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2016.07.011.
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3. Tatusov RL, Koonin EV, Lipman DJ. 1997. A genomic perspective on protein families. Science 278:631– 637. https://doi.org/10.1126/science .278.5338.631. 4. Megaw J, Gilmore BF. 2016. Draft genome sequence of Staphylococcus succinus strain CSM-77, a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a Triassic salt mine. Genome Announc 4(3):e00532-16. https://doi.org/ 10.1128/genomeA.00532-16.