Circulating Inflammatory Markers Are Associated With Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Visible Perivascular Spaces But Not Directly With White Matter Hyperintensities Benjamin S. Aribisala, PhD; Stewart Wiseman, BSc; Zoe Morris, FRCR; Maria C. Valdés-Hernández, PhD; Natalie A. Royle, BSc; Susana M. Maniega, PhD; Alan J. Gow, PhD; Janie Corley, BSc; Mark E. Bastin, PhD; John Starr, MD; Ian J. Deary, PhD; Joanna M. Wardlaw, MD Background and Purpose—White matter hyperintensities (WMH) and perivascular spaces (PVS) are features of small vessel disease, found jointly on MRI of older people. Inflammation is a prominent pathological feature of small vessel disease. We examined the association between inflammation, PVS, and WMH in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (N=634). Methods—We measured plasma fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6 and rated PVS in 3 brain regions. We measured WMH volumetrically and visually using the Fazekas scale. We derived latent variables for PVS, WMH, and Inflammation from measured PVS, WMH, and inflammation markers and modelled associations using structural equation modelling. Results—After accounting for age, sex, stroke, and vascular risk factors, PVS were significantly associated with WMH (β=0.47; P0.90, and IFI >0.90. ‘PVS’ indicates latent variable derived from measures of PVS; and ‘WMH,’ latent variable derived from measures of WMH. Models included covariates that were significantly associated with measures of WMH or PVS. BG indicates basal ganglia perivascular spaces (PVS); CS, centrum semiovale PVS; Faz, Fazekas; high BP, hypertension; HIP, hippocampal PVS; Peri, perivascular; and WMH v, %WMH in intracranial volume. Rectangular boxes indicate measured observations; ellipses, latent variables; single-headed arrows, hypothesized causal pathways; double-headed arrows, correlations; dashed arrows, nonsignificant associations; and solid arrows, significant associations at P

Circulating inflammatory markers are associated with magnetic resonance imaging-visible perivascular spaces but not directly with white matter hyperintensities.

White matter hyperintensities (WMH) and perivascular spaces (PVS) are features of small vessel disease, found jointly on MRI of older people. Inflamma...
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