“Anatomy is to physiology as geography is to history; it describes the theatre of events” R. SHANE TUBBS Editor-in-Chief
The Frenchman Jean Franc ¸ois Fernel (1497?-1558) (Fig. 1) was a physician and later royal physician to Henry II (Ruhra ˚h, 1934). He was professor of medicine at the Colle `ge de Coenouailles for over 20 years. As a Renaissance physician, Fernel studied mathematics, philosophy, astronomy, anatomy and function of the human body. In fact, Fernel coined the term “physiology.” He made many anatomical contributions including observations on the spinal canal and brain. Fernel said, “Anatomy is to physiology as geography is to history; it describes the theatre of events.” He wrote that the brain was “the seat of the mind and its parts; the mind being endowed with numerous faculties, man has rightly been provided with a larger accommodation for it than the other creature possess, and this accommodation is associated with more instruments.” “The brain is the citadel and dwelling of the human mind, the abode of thoughts and of the reason, the wellspring and origin of movement and of every sense; it occupies the highest point of the body, looking upwards, nearest to heaven.” Some have suggested that modern anatomy and physiology began with Fernel (Dampier, 1948). Fernel’s works include: De naturali parte medicinae (1542), De vacuandi ratione (1545), De abditis rerum causis (1548), and Universa Medicina, composed of three parts, the Physiologia, the Pathologia, and the Therapeutice (Sherrington, 1946). To honor the contributions of Fernel, a crater on the moon is named in his honor. As a clinician with anatomic interests, we believe that Fernel would be pleased with this issue of Clinical Anatomy. Herein, modern teaching methods such as 3D interactive models of the lumbar spine and incorporating Google Glass and ultrasound in the teaching of anatomy are presented. Other papers of interest include: reviews of the brain in premature infants, suprarenal gland development, Chiari malformations, and the menisci. Original studies on elastography of the rotator cuff muscles, and soft tissues overlying the greater trochanter and the inﬂuence on hip fractures in the elderly are sure to please our readership and contribute to our understanding of the human form.
Fig. 1. Engraving B. Moncornet
REFERENCES Dampier WC. 1948. A History of Science and its Relations with Philosophy and Religion. London: Syndics of the Cambridge University Press. Ruhra ˚h J. 1934. Jean Fernel 1497?-1558. A note on the history of appendicitis in children. Am J Dis Child 48:630–632. Sherrington CS. 1946. The Endeavour of Jean Fernel: with a List of the Editions of his Writings. Cambridge: University Press.
Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonline library. com). DOI: 10.1002/ca.22526
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